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            State Capitals and Largest Cities

            Here's a?list of all?the state capitals and largest cities in the United States. The list includes some fun facts about each capital. Here's a national fun fact: New York City was the first capital of the United States once the Constitution was ratified.

            State capitals are often centrally located in a state. Having one location to govern from can facilitate the processes of providing government functions and rules. As you can see below, the largest city is sometimes the capital city, but not always.

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            1. Alabama

            Montgomery is the capital of Alabama

            State Capital: Montgomery? ? Largest City: Birmingham

            Montgomery is the site of many landmark civil rights events, like the Montgomery bus boycotts throughout 1955 and 1956 and the Selma-to-Montgomery March for voting rights in 1965.

            The nation’s oldest baseball field, Rickwood Field, which opened in 1910, is located in Birmingham.

            2. Alaska

            State Capital: Juneau ? ? Largest City: Anchorage

            If you're thinking of going on a road trip directly to Juneau, note you can't drive into?the city.?You can only fly or ferry in.?

            Forty-one percent of the state's population lives in Anchorage.

            3. Arizona ???

            State Capital: Phoenix? ? Largest City: Phoenix

            Phoenix is the most populous state capital with approximately 1.5 million people living there.?According to the National Climatic Data Center, the sun shines on Phoenix for 85 percent of its daylight hours.

            4. Arkansas ???

            State Capital: Little Rock? ? Largest City: Little Rock

            Little Rock became the capital of the territory of Arkansas ?in 1821. The name “little rock” comes from the French explorer Bernard de la Harpe. In 1722, he saw rock formations jutting out from the Ouachita Mountains and named one group?the big rock and the other the little rock.?

            5. California ???

            State Capital: Sacramento? ? Largest City: Los Angeles

            Sacramento is California's sixth capital since 1854.

            You can visit the memorial of Senator Capitol Kitty, a stray cat that lived at the state capital for 13 years.?

            Los Angeles has more than 3.9 million residents.

            6. Colorado ???

            State Capital: Denver ??? Largest City: Denver

            Denver became the territorial capital in 1867. Denver is 155 square miles and has a population of 663,862.?Denver is exactly one mile above sea level, giving it the nickname, the Mile High City.

            7. Connecticut ???

            State Capital: Hartford? ? Largest City: Bridgeport

            Hartford became the sole capital of Connecticut in 1875. Originally, both New Haven and Hartford were capital cities, starting in 1701.?

            Bridgeport Harbor is one of three deep-water ports in the state. Bridgeport has just over 145,000 residents.

            8. Delaware ???

            State Capital: Dover ? ?Largest City: Wilmington

            In Dover, the old statehouse on the green (built in part in 1722 as the county courthouse) has been the capitol building since 1777.?

            Wilmington is located halfway between New York City and Washington, D.C. and has just over 71,000 residents.

            9. Florida ???

            State Capital: Tallahassee ??? Largest City: Jacksonville

            Tallahassee became the capital of Florida in 1823. The founder of Famous Amos Cookies, Wally Amos, was born and raised in Tallahassee.

            Jacksonville is the largest city by area in the continental United States with over 840 square miles.

            10. Georgia

            Atlanta is the capital of Georgia ???

            State Capital: Atlanta ??? Largest City: Atlanta

            In 1877, Atlanta became the capital of Georgia, succeeding Milledgeville, which was the state’s fourth capital. Approximately 17 Fortune 500 companies (including Coca-Cola) call Atlanta home.

            11. Hawaii ???

            State Capital: Honolulu ??? Largest City: Honolulu

            Honolulu has the only royal palace in the U.S. The?Iolani Palace?was the official residence for the Hawaiian monarchs who lived on the estate before Queen Lili'uokalani was overthrown in 1891.?According to the 2010 Census, Honolulu has more than 337,000 residents.

            12. Idaho ???

            State Capital: Boise ??? Largest City: Boise

            Boise became the capital of the territory of Idaho in 1864. Approximately?228,900 people live there. In Boise, it's a law that "Residents may not fish from a giraffe’s back."

            13. Illinois ???

            State Capital: Springfield ??? Largest City: Chicago

            President Abraham?Lincoln spent?much of his life in Springfield and you?can visit his house?there.?

            Chicago was a small town when Springfield became the state capital in 1834 and now it boasts 2.7 million residents.

            14. Indiana ???

            State Capital: Indianapolis ??? Largest City: Indianapolis

            Indianapolis became the state capital in 1825. Currently, it has more than 864,000 residents. Did you know that in Indiana, it's illegal to collect rags on Sundays? It's also illegal to ride over 10 miles per hour on your horse.

            15. Iowa ???

            State Capital: Des Moines ??? Largest City: Des Moines

            Des Moines became the capital in 1857 -- the previous capital was Iowa City. Des Moines suffered several floods in the 1950s, and despite flood control measures constructed on the Des Moines River, was again inundated in 1993.

            16. Kansas ???

            State Capital: Topeka ??? Largest City: Wichita

            Topeka has served as Kansas’s capital since it became a state in 1861. The Topeka Train Robbers?is the city's official baseball team. The mascot's name is MacBurgular.?

            Wichita has almost 390,000 residents.

            17. Kentucky ???

            State Capital: Frankfort ??? Largest City: Louisville

            In 1792, the year Kentucky became the 15th state, Frankfort became its capital. Frankfort native, George Graham Vest, is best known for coining the phrase "dog is a man's best friend."?

            The Louisville Metro population is 1.2 million.

            18. Louisiana ???

            State Capital: Baton Rouge ???Largest City: New Orleans

            The capital of Louisiana moved around quite a bit. New Orleans had the title twice before the title?settled on Baton Rouge in 1879.?

            New Orleans has a population of more than 384,000 residents.

            19. Maine

            Augusta is the capital of Maine???

            State Capital: Augusta ??? Largest City: Portland

            Augusta was named the state capital in 1827. Woodrow Wilson grew up in Augusta and you can still visit his boyhood home today.?

            Portland’s population is just under 67,000 residents.

            20. Maryland ???

            State Capital: Annapolis ??? Largest City: Baltimore

            From November 26, 1783, to August 13, 1784, Annapolis was the location of the nation’s capital. The statehouse where George Washington resigned as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in 1783 (and where the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War was ratified in 1784) still stands in Annapolis.?

            Baltimore has a population of nearly 622,000 residents.?

            21. Massachusetts ???

            State Capital: Boston ??? Largest City: Boston

            There was once a flood of molasses in Boston that?killed?21 people. Some claim that parts of Boston's North End still smell?like molasses on a hot day.

            22. Michigan ???

            State Capital: Lansing ??? Largest City: Detroit

            Lansing is the only state capital that is?not the county seat.?

            Detroit had a population of just over 1 million residents in 1990 and now has just over 680,000 residents.

            23. Minnesota ???

            State Capital:?St. Paul ??? Largest City: Minneapolis

            In 1849, St. Paul was named the capital of the Minnesota territory.

            Minneapolis is one of the top 50 largest cities in the country, with 407,207 residents. The capitol building, completed in 1904 and designed by Cass?Gilbert, was also modeled after St. Peter's Basilica?in Rome.

            24. Mississippi ??

            Jackson is the capital of Mississippi?

            State Capital: Jackson ??? Largest City: Jackson

            Jackson was named after President Andrew Jackson and was chosen as the capital in 1821. Jackson has a population of approximately 169,000 residents. The first Republican party convention was held in Jackson on July 6, 1854.

            25. Missouri ???

            State Capital: Jefferson City ???Largest City: Kansas City

            Jefferson City was specifically designed to be the state capital.?

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            26. Montana ???

            State Capital: Helena ??? Largest City: Billings

            Helena was founded after the discovery of gold (1864) in Last Chance Gulch (now Helena's main street) and grew rapidly. As the area's stores of gold and silver were depleted, other minerals, including copper, lead?and zinc were discovered and exploited.?

            Billings boasts a population of more than 110,300 residents.

            27. Nebraska ???

            State Capital: Lincoln ??? Largest City: Omaha

            In 1867, the village of Lancaster (renamed Lincoln) became the state capital. Lincoln is the home of the National Museum of Roller Skating.

            28. Nevada ???

            State Capital: Carson City ??? Largest City: Las Vegas

            Carson City became the capital of the Nevada Territory in 1861 and stayed its capital when it became a state.

            Las Vegas has approximately 613,600 residents and the popular tourist destination is?often thought to be the state capital.

            29. New Hampshire ????

            State Capital: Concord ??? Largest City: Manchester

            Concord has been the capital city of New Hampshire since 1808. Levi Hutchins of Concord invented the first alarm clock?in 1787.?

            Manchester has approximately 110,506 residents.

            30. New Jersey ???

            State Capital: Trenton ??? Largest City: Newark

            Trenton became New Jersey's capital in November 1790. Trenton's pottery industry dates back to colonial times.?

            Newark has approximately 281,764 residents and celebrated its 350th birthday in 2016.

            31. New Mexico ???

            State Capital: Santa Fe ??? Largest City: Albuquerque

            Santa Fe became the capital of the Territory of New Mexico?in 1851 and remained its capital when it achieved statehood in 1912.

            Albuquerque has approximately 559,277 residents.

            32. New York ???

            State Capital: Albany ??? Largest City: New York City

            Kingston was the first capital in New York, until the British burned it down in 1777. The title then passed over the Albany 20 years later in 1797.?

            New York City, nicknamed “The Big Apple,” is home to more than 8.5 million residents and is the largest city in the United States.

            33. North Carolina

            Raleigh is the capital of North Carolina ???

            State Capital: Raleigh ??? Largest City: Charlotte

            Like Jefferson City, Raleigh (designated the capital in 1792) was also planned and built to be the capital city.

            Charlotte has approximately?842,051 residents.

            34. North Dakota ???

            State Capital: Bismarck ??? Largest City: Fargo

            Bismarck became the capital of the Dakota Territory in 1883 and stayed its capital when it became a state in 1889.

            Fargo has approximately 120,762 residents.?

            35. Ohio ???

            State Capital: Columbus ??? Largest City: Columbus

            Columbus was laid out as the state capital in 1812 but did not take over the government from Chillicothe until 1816.

            36. Oklahoma ???

            State Capital: Oklahoma City ??? Largest City: Oklahoma City

            Oklahoma City became the capital in 1910. Today, the city has a population of approximately?638,367 residents.

            Oklahoma City was the first city to install parking meters.

            37. Oregon ???

            State Capital: Salem ??? Largest City: Portland

            Salem was chosen as the capital of the territory of Oregon in 1851 and later designated the state capital in 1855. Salem's Waldo Park is only 12 by 20 feet and is one of the smallest parks in nation.

            38. Pennsylvania ???

            State Capital: Harrisburg ??? Largest City: Philadelphia

            Harrisburg was named the capital of Pennsylvania in 1812. The state capital building in Harrisburg is modeled after St. Peter's Basilica?in the Vatican City.?

            In 2014, Philadelphia was the fifth largest city in the U.S., with more than 1.5 million residents.

            39. Rhode Island ???

            State Capital: Providence ??? Largest City: Providence

            Providence was founded in 1636, which makes it one of the oldest cities in the United States. Rhode Island originally had five capital cities, and then, eventually two--Newport and Providence. Providence became the sole capital of the state in 1900.

            In Providence it is illegal to wear transparent clothing. It is also illegal to sell?toothpaste and a toothbrush to the same person on a Sunday.

            40. South Carolina ???

            State Capital: Columbia ??? Largest City: Columbia

            Columbia became the capital in 1786. The World's Largest Fire Hydrant resides in Columbia.

            41. South Dakota ???

            State Capital: Pierre ??? Largest City: Sioux Falls

            Pierre became the permanent capital of South Dakota in 1890.?Sioux Falls has just over 174,360 residents.

            42. Tennessee

            Nashville is the capital of Tennessee ???

            State Capital: Nashville ??? Largest City: Memphis

            Nashville -- nicknamed the City of Music -- was the capital of Tennessee twice. The city was first the capital from 1812 to 1817 and then in 1826, Nashville became the permanent capital of the state.?

            Currently, Memphis?has nearly 653,000 residents.

            43. Texas ???

            State Capital: Austin ??? Largest City: Houston

            In 1839, Austin (once named Waterloo) became the capital of Texas. In 1842, the capital moved to Houston and then in 1844, Austin again became the capital.?

            Houston has 2.3 million residents.

            44. Utah ???

            State Capital: Salt Lake City ??? Largest City: Salt Lake City

            Salt Lake City was capital of the territory of Utah in 1856, and in 1896, it became the capital of the new state. Salt Lake City has 193,744 residents. The largest genealogical library?in the world is in Salt Lake City. The Family History Library is open to the public and free of charge.

            45. Vermont ???

            State Capital: Montpelier ??? Largest City: Burlington

            Montpelier became the state capital in 1805.?It has the smallest population (7,535) of all the state capitals.?

            Burlington has just over 42,000 residents and is located on the eastern shore of?Lake Champlain.

            46. Virginia ???

            State Capital: Richmond ??? Largest City: Virginia Beach

            Richmond replaced Williamsburg as the state capital in 1779. In Richmond it is illegal to flip a coin in a restaurant to see who will pay for coffee.?Virginia Beach has 452,602 residents.

            47. Washington ???

            State Capital: Olympia ??? Largest City: Seattle

            Olympia was the state capital before it was even a town. Olympia was named the provisional capital in 1853 and confirmed as the official capital in 1855.?Olympia wasn't incorporated as a town until 1859.?

            Seattle has 704,352 residents and is known for being the headquarters of?Starbucks, Microsoft and?Amazon.

            48. West Virginia ???

            State Capital: Charleston ?? Largest City: Charleston

            Charleston became the state’s capital in 1877. The first capital building stood for 36 years before a fire destroyed it in 1921. There was also ammunition stored on the top floor of the building. The fire set off the ammunition, causing a panic from the the onlookers. During the event, two men were arrested for stealing a fire truck.?

            49. Wisconsin ???

            State Capital: Madison ??? Largest City: Milwaukee

            Madison became the capital of the state in 1838. The official bird of Madison is the plastic pink flamingo.

            50. Wyoming ???

            State Capital: Cheyenne ??? Largest City: Cheyenne

            In 1890, Wyoming was admitted to the union and Cheyenne became its capital. Every year since 1897, Cheyenne has hosted?the Frontier Days Festival to celebrate the city's roots in the Old West.?Cheyenne has just over 64,000 residents.

            Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 figures and 2014, 2016 population estimates.


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