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            Oklahoma flag

            Capital: Oklahoma City

            State abbreviation/Postal code: Okla./OK

            Governor: Mary Fallin, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Lieut. Governor: Todd Lamb, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Senators:?James Lankford, R (to Jan. 2023); Jim?Inhofe, R (to Jan. 2021)

            U.S. Representatives: 5

            Historical biographies of Congressional members

            Secy. of State: Chris Benge, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Treasurer: Ken A. Miller, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Atty. General: Scott Pruitt, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Organized as territory: May 2, 1890

            Entered Union (rank): Nov. 16, 1907 (46)

            Present constitution adopted: 1907

            Motto: Labor omnia vincit (Labor conquers all things)

            State symbols:

            flowermistletoe (1893)
            treeredbud (1937)
            birdscissor-tailed flycatcher (1951)
            animalbison (1972)
            reptilemountain boomer lizard (1969)
            stonerose rock (barite rose) (1968)
            colorsgreen and white (1915)
            songa€?Oklahomaa€? (1953)
            butterflyblack swallowtail
            fishwhite or sand bass
            folk dancesquare dance
            game animalwhite-tailed deer
            musical instrumentfiddle
            poema€?Howdy Folks,a€? David Randolph Milsten
            waltza€?Oklahoma Winda€?
            wildflowerIndian blanket

            Nickname: Sooner State

            Origin of name: From two Choctaw Indian words meaning a€?red peoplea€?

            10 largest cities (2010 est.): Oklahoma City, 579,999; Tulsa, 391,906; Norman, 110,925; Lawton, 96,867; Broken Arrow, 98,850; Edmond , 81,405; Moore, 55,081; Midwest City, 54,371; Enid, 49,379; Stillwater, 45,688

            Land area: 69,897?sq?mi?(181,295 km2)

            Geographic center: In Oklahoma Co., 8 mi. N of Oklahoma City

            Number of counties: 77

            Largest county by population and area: Oklahoma, 718,633 (2010); Osage, 2,251 sq mi.

            State parks: 50

            Residents: Oklahoman

            2016?resident population: 3,923,561

            2010 resident census population (rank): 3,751,351 (28). Male: 1,856,977 (49.5%); Female: 1,894,374 (50.5%). White: 2,706,845 (72.2%); Black: 277,644 (7.4%); American Indian: 321,687 (8.6%); Asian: 65,076 (1.7%); Other race: 154,409 (4.1%); Two or more races: 221,321 (5.9%); Hispanic/Latino: 332,007 (8.9%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 75.2; 65 and over: 13.5; median age: 36.2.

            See additional census data

            Area codes

            Tourism office

            Francisco V??squez de Coronado first explored the region for Spain in 1541. The U.S. acquired most of Oklahoma in 1803 in the Louisiana Purchase from France; the Western Panhandle region became U.S. territory with the annexation of Texas in 1845.

            Set aside as Indian Territory in 1834, the region was divided into Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory on May 2, 1890. The two were combined to make a new state, Oklahoma, on Nov. 16, 1907.

            On April 22, 1889, the first day homesteading was permitted, 50,000 people swarmed into the area. Those who tried to beat the noon starting gun were called a€?Sooners,a€? hence the state's nickname.

            Oil made Oklahoma a rich state, but natural-gas production has now surpassed it. Oil refining, meat packing, food processing, and machinery manufacturing (especially construction and oil equipment) are important industries. Minerals produced in Oklahoma include helium, gypsum, zinc, cement, coal, copper, and silver.

            Oklahoma's rich plains produce bumper yields of wheat, as well as large crops of sorghum, hay, cotton, and peanuts. More than half of Oklahoma's annual farm receipts are contributed by livestock products, including cattle, dairy products, swine, and broilers.

            Tourist attractions include the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in Oklahoma City, the Will Rogers Memorial in Claremore, the Cherokee Cultural Center with a restored Cherokee village, the restored Fort Gibson Stockade near Muskogee, the Lake Texoma recreation area, pari-mutuel horse racing at Remington Park in Oklahoma City, and Blue Ribbon Downs in Sallisaw.

            During the first half of the 1900s, Oklahoma was a stronghold for the Democrats. In fact, the Republican Party only won the state in two presidential elections, 1920 and 1928. However, since 1952, Oklahoma has become increasingly conservative and Republican presidential candidates have carried the state in every election except one, in 1964. Moreover, no Democratic presidential candidate has won a single county in the state since 2000.

            See more on Oklahoma:
            Encyclopedia: Oklahoma
            Encyclopedia: Geography
            Encyclopedia: Economy
            Encyclopedia: Government
            Encyclopedia: History
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            Selected famous natives and residents:

            See also: