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            New Mexico

            New Mexico flag

            Capital: Santa Fe

            State abbreviation/Postal code: N.M./NM

            Governor: Susana Martinez, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Lieut. Governor: John Sanchez, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Senators: Tom Udall, D (to Jan. 2021); Martin Heinrich, D (to Jan. 2019)

            U.S. Representatives: 3

            Historical biographies of Congressional members

            Secy. of State: Dianna J. Duran, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Atty. General: Hector Balderas, D (to Jan. 2019)

            State Treasurer: Tim Eichenberg, D (to Jan. 2019)

            Organized as territory: Sept. 9, 1850

            Entered Union (rank): Jan. 6, 1912 (47)

            Present constitution adopted: 1911

            Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

            State symbols:

            floweryucca (1927)
            treepinon (1949)
            animalblack bear (1963)
            birdroadrunner (1949)
            fishcutthroat trout (1955)
            vegetableschili and frijol (1965)
            gemturquoise (1967)
            songa€?O Fair New Mexicoa€? (1917)
            Spanish-language songa€?Asi Es Nuevo M??jicoa€? (1971)
            poema€?A Nuevo M??xicoa€? (1991)
            grassblue gramma (1973)
            fossilcoelophysis (1981)
            cookiebizcochito (1989)
            insecttarantula hawk wasp (1989)
            ballada€?Land of Enchantmenta€? (1989)
            bilingual songa€?New Mexicoa€”Mi Lindo Nuevo Mexicoa€?, (1995)
            questiona€?Red or Green?a€? (1999)

            Nickname: Land of Enchantment (1999)

            Origin of name: From Mexico, a€?place of Mexitli,a€? an Aztec god or leader

            10 largest cities (2012 est.): Albuquerque, 555,417; Las Cruces , 101,047; Rio Rancho, 90,818; Santa Fe , 69,204; Roswell , 48,477; Farmington, 45,854; South Valley, 40,976; Clovis, 39,197; Hobbs, 35,007; Alamogordo, 31,500

            Land area: 121,589?sq?mi?(315,194 km2)

            Geographic center: In Torrance Co., 12 mi. SSW of Willard

            Number of counties: 33

            Largest county by population and area: Bernalillo, 662,564 (2010); Catron, 6,928 sq mi.

            State parks: 31

            Residents: New Mexican

            2016?resident population est.: 2,085,109

            2010 resident census population (rank): 2,059,179 (36). Male: 1,017,421 (49.4%); Female: 1,041,758 (50.6%). White: 1,407,276 (68.4%); Black: 42,550 (2.1%); American Indian: 193,222 (9.4%); Asian: 28,208 (1.4%); Other race: 308,503 (15.0%); Two or more races: 77,010 (3.7%); Hispanic/Latino: 953,403 (46.3%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 74.8; 65 and over: 13.2; median age: 36.7.

            See additional census data

            Area codes

            Tourism office

            Francisco V??squez de Coronado, a Spanish explorer searching for gold, traveled the region that became New Mexico in 1540a€“1542. In 1598 the first Spanish settlement was established on the Rio Grande River by Juan de Onate; in 1610 Santa Fe was founded and made the capital of New Mexico.

            The U.S. acquired most of New Mexico in 1848, as a result of the Mexican War, and the remainder in the 1853 Gadsden Purchase. Union troops captured the territory from the Confederates during the Civil War. With the surrender of Geronimo in 1886, the Apache Wars and most of the Indian conflicts in the area were ended.

            Since 1945, New Mexico has been a leader in energy research and development with extensive experiments conducted at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory and Sandia Laboratories in the nuclear, solar, and geothermal areas.

            Minerals are the state's richest natural resource, and New Mexico is one of the U.S. leaders in output of uranium and potassium salts. Petroleum, natural gas, copper, gold, silver, zinc, lead, and molybdenum also contribute heavily to the state's income.

            The principal manufacturing industries include food products, chemicals, transportation equipment, lumber, electrical machinery, and stone-clay-glass products. About two-thirds of New Mexico's farm income comes from livestock products, especially dairy and cattle. Pecans, hay, and onions are the most important field crops. Corn, peanuts, beans, onions, chilies, and lettuce are also grown.

            Tourist attractions include the Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Inscription Rock at El Morro National Monument, the ruins at Fort Union, Billy the Kid mementos at Lincoln, the White Sands and Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monuments, Bandelier National Monument, and the Chaco Culture National Historical Park.

            See more on New Mexico:
            Encyclopedia: New Mexico
            Encyclopedia: Geography
            Encyclopedia: Economy
            Encyclopedia: Government
            Encyclopedia: History
            Monthly Temperature Extremes

            All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
            Printable Outline Maps
            Record Highest Temperatures
            Record Lowest Temperatures
            Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
            Land and Water Area

            All U.S. States: Population & Economy
            Historical Population Statistics, 1790a€“Present
            Per Capita Personal Income
            Minimum Wage Rates
            State Taxes
            Federal Government Expenditure
            Percent of People in Poverty
            Births and Birth Rates
            Percentage of Uninsured by State

            All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
            Most Livable States
            Healthiest States
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            Crime Index
            Residency Requirements for Voting
            Compulsory School Attendance Laws
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            National Public Radio Stations

            Selected famous natives and residents:

            See also: