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            Missouri flag

            Capital: Jefferson City

            State abbreviation/Postal code: Mo./MO

            Governor: Eric Greitens, R?(to Jan. 2021)

            Lieut. Governor: Mike Parson, R (to Jan. 2021)

            Senators: Roy Blunt, R (to Jan. 2023); Claire McCaskill, D (to Jan. 2019)

            U.S. Representatives: 8

            Historical biographies of Congressional members

            Organized as territory: June 4, 1812

            Entered Union (rank): Aug. 10, 1821 (24)

            Present constitution adopted: 1945

            Motto: Salus populi suprema lex esto (The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law)

            State symbols:

            flowerhawthorn (1923)
            birdbluebird (1927)
            aquatic animalpaddlefish (1997)
            fishchannel catfish (1997)
            songa€?Missouri Waltza€? (1949)
            fossilcrinoid (1989)
            musical instrumentfiddle (1987)
            rockmozarkite (1967)
            mineralgalena (1967)
            insecthoneybee (1985)
            treeflowering dogwood (1955)
            tree nuteastern black walnut (1990)
            animalmule (1995)
            dancesquare dance (1995)
            Missouri Daythird Wednesday in October (1969)

            Nickname: Show-me State

            Origin of name: Named after the Missouri Indian tribe. a€?Missouria€? means a€?town of the large canoes.a€?

            10 largest cities (2012): Kansas City, 464,310; St. Louis, 318,172; Springfield, 162,191; Independence, 117,270; Columbia, 113,225; Lee's Summit, 92,468; O'Fallon, 81,979; St. Joseph, 77,176; St. Charles, 66,463; St. Peter's, 54,078

            Land area: 68,886 sq mi. (178,415 sq km)

            Geographic center: In Miller Co., 20 mi. SW of Jefferson City

            Number of counties: 114, plus 1 independent city

            Largest county by population and area: St. Louis, 991,830 (2008); Texas, 1,179 sq mi.

            Conservation areas1: leased, 315 (197, 661 ac.); owned, 775 (770,574 ac.)

            State parks and historic sites: 81

            Residents: Missourian

            2015 resident population: 6,083,672

            2010 resident census population (rank): 5,988,927 (18). Male: 2,933,477; Female: 3,055,450. White: 4,958,770 (86.54%); Black: 693,391(12.04%); American Indian: 27,376 (1.03%); Asian: 98,083 (1.61%); Other race: 80,457; Two or more races: 124,589; Hispanic/Latino: 212,470. 2010 population 18 and over: 4,563,491; 65 and over: 838,294 median age: 37.6.

            See additional census data

            Area codes

            Tourism office

            1. Includes wildlife areas, natural history areas, state forests, and tower sites.

            Hernando de Soto visited the Missouri area in 1541. France's claim to the entire region was based on Sieur de la Salle's travels in 1682. French fur traders established Ste. Genevieve in 1735, and St. Louis was first settled in 1764.

            The U.S. gained Missouri from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and the territory was admitted as a state following the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Throughout the prea€“Civil War period and during the war, Missourians were sharply divided in their opinions about slavery and in their allegiances, supplying both Union and Confederate forces with troops. However, the state itself remained in the Union.

            Historically, Missouri played a leading role as a gateway to the West, St. Joseph being the eastern starting point of the Pony Express, while the much-traveled Santa Fe and Oregon trails began in Independence.

            Missouri's economy is highly diversified. Service industries provide more income and jobs than any other segment, and include a growing tourism and travel sector. Wholesale and retail trade, manufacturing, and agriculture also play significant roles in the state's economy.

            Missouri is a leading producer of transportation equipment (including automobile manufacturing and auto parts), beer and beverages, and defense and aerospace technology. Food processing is the state's fastest-growing industry.

            Missouri mines produce 90% of the nation's principal (non-recycled) lead supply. Other natural resources include iron ore, zinc, barite, limestone, and timber.

            The state's top agricultural products include grain, sorghum, hay, corn, soybeans, and rice. Missouri also ranks high among the states in cattle and calves, hogs, and turkeys and broilers. A vibrant wine industry also contributes to the economy.

            Tourism draws hundreds of thousands of visitors to a number of Missouri points of interest: the country-music shows of Branson; Bass Pro Shops national headquarters (Springfield); the Gateway Arch at the Jefferson National Expansion (St. Louis); Mark Twain's boyhood home (Hannibal); the Harry S. Truman home and library (Independence); the scenic beauty of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways; and the Pony Express and Jesse James museums (St. Joseph). The state's different lake regions also attract fishermen and sun-seekers from throughout the Midwest.

            See more on Missouri:
            Encyclopedia: Missouri
            Encyclopedia: Geography
            Encyclopedia: Economy
            Encyclopedia: Government
            Encyclopedia: History
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            All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
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            Record Highest Temperatures
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            Land and Water Area

            All U.S. States: Population & Economy
            Historical Population Statistics, 1790a€“Present
            Per Capita Personal Income
            Minimum Wage Rates
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            Percentage of Uninsured by State

            All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
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            National Public Radio Stations

            Selected famous natives and residents:

            See also: