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            Minnesota flag

            Capital: St. Paul

            State abbreviation/Postal code: Minn./MN

            Governor: Mark Dayton, D (to Jan. 2019)

            Lieut. Governor: Tina Smith, D (to Jan. 2019)

            Senators: Amy Klobuchar, D (to Jan. 2019); Al Franken, D (to Jan. 2021)

            U.S. Representatives: 8

            Historical biographies of Congressional members

            Secy. of State: Steve Simon, D (to Jan. 2019)

            Atty. General: Lori Swanson, D (to Jan. 2019)

            State Auditor: Rebecca Otto, D (to Jan. 2019)

            Organized as territory: March 3, 1849

            Entered Union (rank): May 11, 1858 (32)

            Present constitution adopted: 1858

            Motto: L'?‰toile du Nord (The North Star)

            State symbols:

            flowerlady slipper (1902)
            treered (or Norway) pine (1953)
            birdcommon loon (also called great northern diver) (1961)
            songa€?Hail Minnesotaa€? (1945)
            fishwalleye (1965)
            mushroommorel (1984)

            Nicknames: North Star State; Gopher State; Land of 10,000 Lakes

            Origin of name: From a Dakota Indian word meaning a€?sky-tinted watera€?

            10 largest cities (2012): Minneapolis, 392,880; St. Paul, 290,770; Rochester, 108,992; Duluth, 86,211; Bloomington, 86,033 Brooklyn Park, 77,752; Plymouth, 72,928; St. Cloud, 65,986; Eagan, 64,854; Woodbury, 64,496

            Land area: 79,610 sq mi. (206,190 sq km)

            Geographic center: In Crow Wing Co., 10 mi. SW of Brainerd

            Number of counties: 87

            Largest county by population and area: Hennepin, 1,152,425 (2010); St. Louis, 6,226 sq mi.

            State forests: 58 (nearly 4 million ac.)

            State parks: 72

            Residents: Minnesotan

            2015 resident population est: 5,489,594

            2010 resident census population (rank): 5,303,925 (21). Male: 2,632,132; Female: 2,671,793. White: 4,524,062 (88.0%); Black: 274,412 (4.4%); American Indian: 60,916 (1.0%); Asian: 214,234 (3.5%); Other race: 103,000 (1.4%); Two or more races: 125,145 (1.8%); Hispanic/Latino: 250,258 (4.0%). 2010 population 18 and over: 4,019,862; 65 and over: 683,121; median age: 37.3.

            See additional census data

            Area codes

            Tourism office

            Following the visits of several French explorers, fur traders, and missionaries, including Jacques Marquette, Louis Joliet, and Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, the region was claimed for Louis XIV by Daniel Greysolon, Sieur Duluth, in 1679.

            The U.S. acquired eastern Minnesota from Great Britain after the Revolutionary War and 20 years later bought the western part from France in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Much of the region was explored by U.S. Army lieutenant Zebulon M. Pike before the northern strip of Minnesota bordering Canada was ceded by Britain in 1818.

            The state is rich in natural resources. A few square miles of land in the north in the Mesabi, Cuyuna, and Vermilion ranges produce more than 75% of the nation's iron ore. The state's farms rank high in yields of corn, wheat, rye, alfalfa, and sugar beets. Other leading farm products include butter, eggs, milk, potatoes, green peas, barley, soybeans, oats, and livestock.

            Minnesota's factories produce nonelectrical machinery, fabricated metals, flour-mill products, plastics, electronic computers, scientific instruments, and processed foods. The state is also a leader in the printing and paper-products industries.

            Minneapolis is the trade center of the Midwest, and the headquarters of the world's largest super-computer and grain distributor. St. Paul is the nation's biggest publisher of calendars and law books. These a€?twin citiesa€? are the nation's third-largest trucking center. Duluth has the nation's largest inland harbor and now handles a significant amount of foreign trade. Rochester is home to the Mayo Clinic, a world-famous medical center.

            Tourism is a major revenue producer in Minnesota, with arts, fishing, hunting, water sports, and winter sports bringing in millions of visitors each year.

            Among the most popular attractions are the St. Paul Winter Carnival; the Tyrone Guthrie Theatre, the Institute of Arts, Walker Art Center, and Minnehaha Park, in Minneapolis; Boundary Waters Canoe Area; Voyageurs National Park; North Shore Drive; the Minnesota Zoological Gardens; and the state's more than 10,000 lakes.

            See more on Minnesota:
            Encyclopedia: Minnesota
            Encyclopedia: Geography
            Encyclopedia: Economy
            Encyclopedia: Government
            Encyclopedia: History
            Monthly Temperature Extremes

            All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
            Printable Outline Maps
            Record Highest Temperatures
            Record Lowest Temperatures
            Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
            Land and Water Area

            All U.S. States: Population & Economy
            Historical Population Statistics, 1790a€“Present
            Per Capita Personal Income
            Minimum Wage Rates
            State Taxes
            Federal Government Expenditure
            Percent of People in Poverty
            Births and Birth Rates
            Percentage of Uninsured by State

            All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
            Most Livable States
            Healthiest States
            Most Dangerous States
            Smartest States
            Crime Index
            Residency Requirements for Voting
            Compulsory School Attendance Laws
            Driving Laws
            National Public Radio Stations

            Selected famous natives and residents:

            See also: