Indian tribes were living in the Michigan region when the first European, ?‰tienne Brul?? of France, arrived in 1618. Other French explorers, including Jacques Marquette, Louis Joliet, and Sieur de la Salle, followed, and the first permanent settlement was established in 1668 at Sault Ste. Marie. France was ousted from the territory by Great Britain in 1763, following the French and Indian Wars.
After the Revolutionary War, the U.S. acquired most of the region, which remained the scene of constant conflict between the British and U.S. forces and their respective Indian allies through the War of 1812.
Bordering on four of the five Great Lakes, Michigan is divided into Upper and Lower peninsulas by the Straits of Mackinac, which link lakes Michigan and Huron. The two parts of the state are connected by the Mackinac Bridge, one of the world's longest suspension bridges. To the north, connecting lakes Superior and Huron, are the busy Sault Ste. Marie Canals.
While Michigan ranks first among the states in production of motor vehicles and parts, it is also a leader in many other manufacturing and processing lines, including prepared cereals, machine tools, airplane parts, refrigerators, hardware, and furniture.
The state produces important amounts of iron, copper, iodine, gypsum, bromine, salt, lime, gravel, and cement. Michigan's farms grow apples, cherries, beans, pears, grapes, potatoes, and sugar beets. Michigan's forests contribute significantly to the state's economy, supporting thousands of jobs in the wood-product, tourism, and recreation industries. With 10,083 inland lakes and 3,288 mi of Great Lakes shoreline, Michigan is a prime area for both commercial and sport fishing.
Points of interest are the automobile plants in Dearborn, Detroit, Flint, Lansing, and Pontiac; Mackinac Island; Pictured Rocks and Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshores; Greenfield Village in Dearborn; and the many summer resorts along both the inland lakes and Great Lakes.
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Selected famous natives and residents:
- Nelson Algren novelist;
- Tim Allen actor and comedian;
- Anita Baker singer;
- William Boeing, Sr. airplane manufacturer;
- Ralph J. Bunche statesman;
- Ellen Burstyn actress;
- Bruce Catton historian;
- Roger Chaffee astronaut;
- Francis Ford Coppola film director;
- Thomas E. Dewey politician;
- Edna Ferber novelist;
- Gerald Ford former president;
- Henry Ford industrialist;
- Ali Haji-Sheikh football player;
- Julie Harris actress;
- Earvin a€?Magica€? Johnson basketball player;
- Casey Kasem radio personality;
- John Harvey Kellogg surgeon and health reformer;
- Ring Lardner writer;
- Charles A. Lindbergh aviator;
- Madonna singer;
- Dick Martin comedian;
- Terry McMillan author;
- John N. Mitchell attorney general;
- Ted Nugent singer;
- Chief Pontiac Ottawa chief;
- Iggy Pop musician;
- Gilda Radner comedienne;
- Della Reese singer;
- Jason Robards, Sr. actor;
- Diana Ross singer;
- Steven Seagal actor;
- Bob Seger singer;
- Tom Selleck actor;
- Thomas Schippers conductor;
- Potter Stewart jurist;
- Lily Tomlin actress;
- Danny Thomas entertainer;
- William E. Upjohn pharmaceuticals manufacturer;
- Margaret Whiting singer;
- Robin Williams comedian and actor;
- Stevie Wonder singer.
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