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            Kansas

            Kansas flag

            Capital: Topeka

            State abbreviation/Postal code: Kans./KS

            Governor: Sam Brownback, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Lieut. Governor: Jeff Colyer, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Senators: Jerry Moran, R (to Jan. 2023); Pat Roberts, R (to Jan. 2021)

            U.S. Representatives: 4

            Historical biographies of Congressional members

            Secy. of State: Kris Kobach, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Treasurer:?Jacob LaTurner, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Atty. General: Derek Schmidt, R (to Jan. 2019)

            Organized as territory: May 30, 1854

            Entered Union (rank): Jan. 29, 1861 (34)

            Present constitution adopted: 1859

            Motto: Ad astra per aspera (To the stars through difficulties)

            State symbols:

            flowersunflower (1903)
            treecottonwood (1937)
            birdwestern meadowlark (1937)
            animalbuffalo (1955)
            songa€?Home on the Rangea€? (1947)

            Nicknames: Sunflower State; Jayhawk State

            Origin of name: From a Sioux word meaning a€?people of the south winda€?

            10 largest cities (2014): Wichita, 385,577; Overland Park, 178,919; Kansas City, 147,268; Olathe, 130,045; Topeka, 127,939; Lawrence, 89,512; Shawnee, 63,622; Manhattan, 56,069; Lenexa, 49,398; Salina, 48,045

            Land area: 81,815 sq mi. (211,901 sq km)

            Geographic center: In Barton Co., 15 mi. NE of Great Bend

            Number of counties: 105

            Largest county by population and area: Johnson, 559,836 (2012); Butler, 1,428 sq mi.

            State parks: 24

            Residents: Kansan

            2014 resident population: 2,904,021

            2010 resident census population (rank): 2,853,118 (33). Male: 1,415,408 (49.6%); Female: 1,437,710 (50.4%). White: 2,391,044 (83.8%); Black: 167,864 (5.9%); American Indian: 28,150 (1.0%); Asian: 67,762 (2.4%); Other race: 110,127 (3.4%); Two or more races: 85,933 (3.0%); Hispanic/Latino: 300,042 (10.5%). 2000 population 18 and over: 2,126,179; 65 and over: 376,116 (13.2%); median age: 35.9.

            See additional census data

            Area codes

            Tourism office

            Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado, in 1541, is considered the first European to have traveled this region. Sieur de la Salle's extensive land claims for France (1682) included present-day Kansas. Ceded to Spain by France in 1763, the territory reverted to France in 1800 and was sold to the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

            Lewis and Clark, Zebulon Pike, and Stephen H. Long explored the region between 1803 and 1819. The first permanent white settlements in Kansas were outpostsa€”Fort Leavenworth (1827), Fort Scott (1842), and Fort Riley (1853)a€”established to protect travelers along the Santa Fe and Oregon Trails.

            Just before the Civil War, the conflict between the pro- and anti-slavery forces earned the region the grim title of Bleeding Kansas.

            Today, wheat fields, oil-well derricks, herds of cattle, and grain-storage elevators are chief features of the Kansas landscape. A leading wheat-growing state, Kansas also raises corn, sorghum, oats, barley, soybeans, and potatoes. Kansas stands high in petroleum production and mines zinc, coal, salt, and lead. It is also the nation's leading producer of helium.

            Wichita is one of the nation's leading aircraft-manufacturing centers, ranking first in production of private aircraft. Kansas City is an important transportation, milling, and meat-packing center.

            Points of interest include the Kansas History Center at Topeka, the Eisenhower boyhood home and the Eisenhower Memorial Museum and Presidential Library at Abilene, John Brown's cabin at Osawatomie, re-created Front Street in Dodge City, Fort Larned (an important military post on the Santa Fe Trail), Fort Leavenworth, and Fort Riley.

            See more on Kansas:
            Encyclopedia: Kansas
            Encyclopedia: Geography
            Encyclopedia: Economy
            Encyclopedia: Government
            Encyclopedia: History
            Monthly Temperature Extremes

            All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
            Printable Outline Maps
            Record Highest Temperatures
            Record Lowest Temperatures
            Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
            Land and Water Area

            All U.S. States: Population & Economy
            Historical Population Statistics, 1790a€“Present
            Per Capita Personal Income
            Minimum Wage Rates
            State Taxes
            Federal Government Expenditure
            Percent of People in Poverty
            Births and Birth Rates
            Homeownership
            Percentage of Uninsured by State

            All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
            Most Livable States
            Healthiest States
            Most Dangerous States
            Smartest States
            Crime Index
            Residency Requirements for Voting
            Compulsory School Attendance Laws
            Driving Laws
            National Public Radio Stations

            Selected famous natives and residents:

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            See also:
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