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            The Hindu (Indian National) Calendar

            The Indian National Calendar, often called the “Hindu Calendar,“ is based on both lunar and solar years. This calendar was introduced in 1957 in a government push for all of India to use the same calendar, but various traditional calendars are also used. The start of the Indian National Calendar year coincides with March 22, except in a leap year, when it coincides with March 21. The year is counted from the first year of the Saka era, in A.D. 78. The year 2010 translates to Saka era 1931-1932.

            Month Number
            of days
            Caitra 30*
            Vaisakha 31
            Jyaistha 31
            Asadha 31
            Sravana 31
            Bhadra 31
            Asvina 30
            Kartika 30
            Agrahayana 30
            Pausa 30
            Magha 30
            Phalguna 30
            * In a leap year Caitra has 31 days.

            The Chinese Calendar Calendars